监听EditText的内容变化

本节引言:

在前面我们已经学过EditText控件了,本节来说下如何监听输入框的内容变化! 这个再实际开发中非常实用,另外,附带着说下如何实现EditText的密码可见 与不可见!好了,开始本节内容!


1.监听EditText的内容变化

由题可知,是基于监听的事件处理机制,好像前面的点击事件是OnClickListener,文本内容 变化的监听器则是:TextWatcher,我们可以调用EditText.addTextChangedListener(mTextWatcher); 为EditText设置内容变化监听!

简单说下TextWatcher,实现该类需实现三个方法:

public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start,int count, int after);   
public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count);
public void afterTextChanged(Editable s);

依次会在下述情况中触发:

  • 1.内容变化前
  • 2.内容变化中
  • 3.内容变化后

我们可以根据实际的需求重写相关方法,一般重写得较多的是第三个方法!

监听EditText内容变化的场合有很多: 限制字数输入,限制输入内容等等~

这里给大家实现一个简单的自定义EditText,输入内容后,有面会显示一个叉叉的圆圈,用户点击后 可以清空文本框~,当然你也可以不自定义,直接为EditText添加TextWatcher然后设置下删除按钮~

实现效果图:

自定义EditText:DelEditText.java

package demo.com.jay.buttondemo;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.text.Editable;
import android.text.TextWatcher;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.widget.EditText;

/**
 * Created by coder-pig on 2015/7/16 0016.
 */
public class DelEditText extends EditText {

    private Drawable imgClear;
    private Context mContext;

    public DelEditText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        this.mContext = context;
        init();
    }

    private void init() {
        imgClear = mContext.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.delete_gray);
        addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
            @Override
            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {

            }

            @Override
            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {

            }

            @Override
            public void afterTextChanged(Editable editable) {
                setDrawable();
            }
        });
    }


    //绘制删除图片
    private void setDrawable(){
        if (length() < 1)
            setCompoundDrawablesWithIntrinsicBounds(null, null, null, null);
        else
            setCompoundDrawablesWithIntrinsicBounds(null, null, imgClear, null);
    }


    //当触摸范围在右侧时,触发删除方法,隐藏叉叉
    @Override
    public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
        if(imgClear != null && event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP)
        {
            int eventX = (int) event.getRawX();
            int eventY = (int) event.getRawY();
            Rect rect = new Rect();
            getGlobalVisibleRect(rect);
            rect.left = rect.right - 100;
            if (rect.contains(eventX, eventY))
                setText("");
        }
        return super.onTouchEvent(event);
    }


    @Override
    protected void finalize() throws Throwable {
        super.finalize();
    }

}

EditText的背景drawable:bg_frame_search.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
    <solid android:color="@color/background_white" />
    <corners android:radius="5dp" />
    <stroke android:width="1px" android:color="@color/frame_search"/>
</shape>

颜色资源:color.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <color name="reveal_color">#FFFFFF</color>
    <color name="bottom_color">#3086E4</color>
    <color name="bottom_bg">#40BAF8</color>
    <color name="frame_search">#ADAEAD</color>
    <color name="background_white">#FFFFFF</color>
    <color name="back_red">#e75049</color>
</resources>

布局文件:activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="@color/back_red"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <demo.com.jay.buttondemo.DelEditText
        android:id="@+id/edit_search"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="32dp"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:background="@drawable/bg_frame_search"
        android:hint="带删除按钮的EditText~"
        android:maxLength="20"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:singleLine="true" />


</LinearLayout>

PS:代码是非常简单的,就不解释了~


2.实现EditText的密码可见与不可见

这个也是一个很实用的需求,就是用户点击按钮后可让EditText中的密码可见或者不可见~

实现效果图:

实现代码: activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity"
    android:layout_margin="5dp"
    android:orientation="horizontal">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/edit_pawd"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="2"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:inputType="textPassword"
        android:background="@drawable/editborder"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnChange"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:text="密码可见"/>

</LinearLayout>

MainActivity.java

package com.jay.demo.edittextdemo;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.method.HideReturnsTransformationMethod;
import android.text.method.PasswordTransformationMethod;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private EditText edit_pawd;
    private Button btnChange;
    private boolean flag = false;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        edit_pawd = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.edit_pawd);
        btnChange = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnChange);
        edit_pawd.setHorizontallyScrolling(true);    //设置EditText不换行
        btnChange.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                if(flag == true){
                    edit_pawd.setTransformationMethod(HideReturnsTransformationMethod.getInstance());
                    flag = false;
                    btnChange.setText("密码不可见");
                }else{
                    edit_pawd.setTransformationMethod(PasswordTransformationMethod.getInstance());
                    flag = true;
                    btnChange.setText("密码可见");
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

editborder.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >  
  
    <!-- 设置透明背景色 -->  
    <solid android:color="#FFFFFF" />  
  
    <!-- 设置一个白色边框 -->  
    <stroke  
        android:width="1px"  
        android:color="#FFFFFF" />  
    <!-- 设置一下边距,让空间大一点 -->  
    <padding  
        android:bottom="5dp"  
        android:left="5dp"  
        android:right="5dp"  
        android:top="5dp" />  
  
</shape> 

本节小结:

本节就到这里,谢谢~